Parvo Symptoms Dogs

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Treatment For Parvovirus In Dogs - What Should Be Done If Your Dog Is Diagnosed With Parvovirus

Canine parvovirus is a contagious virus mainly affecting dogs. The disease is highly infectious and is spread from dog to dog by direct or indirect contact with their feces. It can be especially severe in puppies that are not protected by maternal antibodies or vaccination. Read this article if you want to know the Dynamics Of The Disease, The Symptoms and treatment for parvovirus in dogs.

Dynamics Of The Disease
The parvovirus (virus causing parvo) is a bug that is extremely though and resistant. That virus can live for very long time on household objects, food containers and even on the floor. It is very diffucult to clean rugs from them. It is also thought that household vermin (like cockroaches) carry them along from place to places. It is believed that exposure to sunshine also kills the virus.

Dog carrying the virus may not show sign of it immediately. It takes from one to two weeks before the dog start showing signs. That said the virus is shed in the dog's feces from day third onward. Infected dogs usually start spreading the virus before they even get noticed.

The Symptoms of Parvo
Symptoms related to parvovirus and not easily noticeable and they vary from case to case. They depend on the age at exposure, the size of the virus dose, the presence of maternal antibody, and the breed of dog involved.

The most common form of parvovirus infection is a sudden (acute) inflammation of the small intestine or enteritis. You will notice that your dog is depressed, vomiting and very much dehydrated. It is also common to notice bloody stools. If you start noticing bloody stool shed by your dog, immediately consult a veterinarian.

Diagnosis
Even though there may be signs that your dog may have parvovirus, the best way to know is to have a professional diagnose it using lab techniques. The test is an ELISA test or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Early in the disease, this test can be negative. Virus isolation is possible but the procedure is quite expensive and rarely done. In practice, the presence of an acute hemorrhagic diarrhea is usually all that is required for a tentative diagnosis of parvovirus.

Treatment
Treatment of parvovirus is directed at correcting the life-threatening dehydration that accompanies the diarrhea with intravenous fluids (lactated ringers solution with bicarbonate). Ten to forty milliliters per pound is given initially and then a slow intravenous drip may stabilize these dogs. Once the initial dehydration is corrected, maintenance fluids can also be given subcutaneously. We also give medicines that relax intestinal spasms such as metoclopramide (Reglan, 0.1-0.25mg/lb three or four times a day) and trimethobenzamide (Tigan, 1.5mg/lb three times a day). Besides this, the dogs are placed on antibiotics to prevent secondary bacterial infection through the damaged small intestine (cephalothin, Keflin @ 5-15mg/pound given four times a day intramuscularly or intravenously). Early in the disease dogs may run a short period of fever. But puppies' temperatures often drop to subnormal a few days later. These dogs need additional sources of heat. It helps to sit with the dog, pet it and encourage its will to live. Many of the younger dogs have hookworm infestations that make the parvovirus disease more severe. As soon as these dogs can hold down liquids, I worm them with pyrantel pamoate (Strongid, Nemex, 2.5mg/pound).
Some veterinarians give the dogs small doses of butorphanol tartrate (Torbugesic 0.05-0.1mg/pound intramuscularly) to relieve the severe abdominal pain that accompanies this disease.

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Know The Causes And Avoid Canine Parvo

Causes

There are two ways that this disease is transmitted, via contact with the soil or infected feces. The feces of a dog infected with the canine parvovirus will be infected as well and can carry the disease to others. Other dogs don't even need to come in contact with the feces of infected dogs. The soil will absorb the virus from the feces, so animals can still get sick, both with indirect or direct contact. Humans can't get canine parvovirus, but they can move the virus around. An example is stepping in canine feces and carrying them in another location, on the bottom of their shoes.

The problem with this disease is that it's very contagious and it will live for a lot of time once it leaves the dog's body. It can stay in the soil and still be active one year after it's eliminated in feces, and even if the temperatures are extreme. Another problem is even after the dog recovers, he will still be able to transmit the disease to other dogs for the next few months. That's why dogs that recover need to be kept in isolation from other dogs for some time.

The places where the dog has the most chances of getting sick are places where other dogs go, like kennels, parks, dog shows, pet stores and shelters. Between 3 and 10 days will pass between the time the dog gets infected and the moment he will start displaying symptoms. Even though all dogs can get this disease, those that have the highest risks are puppies that are less than 4 months old and a few breeds that seem to be more susceptible, like Dobermans or Rottweilers.

Diagnosis

Every dog is different and will begin the symptoms in different stages. Very few dogs survive without any treatment of any kind. The veterinarian will do a number of lab tests and will analyze the clinical signs to see if the dog has canine parvovirus. He will also need to know what the medical history of the dog is. You should tell the vet the exact symptoms of the disease and how the dog behaves at home. They will try to see if the diarrhea and vomiting don't have other causes, after which they will do the tests needed to find out if he has canine parvovirus or not.

To find out if he has an infection or not, they will have to do some blood tests. They will also take samples of the dog's feces, to see if they can find any sign of canine parvovirus in them. One of the tests that will be done is the ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay, a biochemical technique that will detect the existing antigens and antibodies. They will use an electron microscope to see if the virus is there. With bots tests, the veterinarian will be able to find if the virus exists in the dog. If the dog was never vaccinated for this disease, the veterinarian will probably be able to find out if he has the virus just by seeing if he has an infection or bloody diarrhea.

About the author: Want to learn more about parvo virus in dogs? On ParvoInDogs.Com you can find articles about parvo dealing with the main parvo symptoms, prevention methods and about Parvaid, one of the most popular treatments for the dog parvo virus.

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Dog Virus Parvo

Milford Vet Sheds Light on Deadly Dog Virus - Milford, CT Patch

Canine Parvovirus - a Serious Cantagious Disease in Dogs

Canine parvovirus, sometimes known simply as 'parvo,' is a serious contagious disease caused by a virus. This illness is spread when dogs come into contact with the feces of infected animals. Dog parks, highway rest stops and popular walking trails in cities are areas where dog feces are often found, and where an unvaccinated dog may pick up the virus. Humans may also unknowingly bring the virus home on the bottom of their shoes or on their car tires, so dogs who never go outside the yard can still be infected with this disease. The virus can live in the soil or other contaminated surfaces for as long as six months.

Most animal shelters and kennels make every effort to avoid the spread of contagious diseases by cleaning the kennels with bleach, but any time that large numbers of animals are kept in close quarters, there is a possibility of infection, so keeping up on your dog's vaccinations is always a good idea.

Although puppies are more commonly affected by this illness than adult dogs, both my brother and I once owned adult dogs who became seriously ill from canine parvovirus. Both animals had been vaccinated while in our care, but they were acquired after the dogs had reached adulthood, so they may not have received proper vaccination as puppies. Both dogs recovered, but only after several weeks of intensive in-hospital care.

About the author: Jonni writes about dog health and older dogs on her website at http://www.older-dog.com

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Parvovirus Vaccination

 ... get your shot now kitty visiting the vet for a parvovirus vaccination

Types of Vaccinations Your Puppy Should Have and When

It is a good idea to have your puppy vaccinations at an early age since puppies are very susceptible to different diseases. This way your pet will be protected against infectious diseases. This is especially true for animals that may be spending time in kennels or travelling abroad.

If the mother of your puppy is immune your puppy should be protected against most diseases. For the first few weeks of their life they will be protected by the mother's milk. However, this does not last for very long and then your pup will be susceptible to different types of infectious diseases. Since dogs are very social animals they need to be protected so they can play among others dogs.

Distemper is usually the first vaccination given to your puppy. Distemper is a virus that can cause respiratory distress and seizures which can lead to death. You pup will need to get a distemper shot through out the different stages in his life. Sometimes some of the symptoms are loss of appetite, a discharge from the eyes and nose, lethargy, and fever.

Kennel Cough is another vaccination that your puppy will need. It affects the bronchi and trachea of dogs and makes them have a loud dry cough. This is not a fatal disease but it is very contagious. This can be considered an optional vaccination. If you live in an area which has a high rate of Kennel Cough you will definitely want to get this vaccination to protect your pup. Consult with your veterinarian they will be able to tell you if the rate in your area is high.

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Parvo Remedies

What Are The Dog Parvo Symptoms To Watch For

Home Remedies For Puppy Parvo And Other Parvo Treatment Options

Parvovirus is a virus first identified in 1978 that spread worldwide in just two years. Over the years, the virus has mutated into two distinct strains and there is evidence of a third strain in Spain, Italy and Vietnam.

All cases of canine parvovirus or CPV come from the first two strains. It was originally thought that the virus would mutate into the feline panleukopenia, a feline parvovirus but this was found to be untrue. All species have their own parvovirus but it is not spread outside the species.

It is evident that parvovirus cannot be spread from a cat to a dog or from a bird to a cat. However, it can be spread by contact. For instance, if your cat would wander through your neighbor's yard and would pick up the virus on her feet, she can track it inside of your house and infect your dog.

My neighbour's puppy contracted parvo virus. The puppy had all of the classic dog parvo symptoms, yet my neighbour really did not know what was wrong until he thankfully took the puppy to the vet. Once he did that, treatment began immediately. Had he attempted a home remedy for puppy parvo, the puppy is not likely to have survived. After several days of intensive treatment, the puppy was free to come home.

The parvo virus works in two ways either through the intestines or through the heart. When a dog gets an intestinal infection, it is picked up by the animal through oral contact with contaminated feces. Simply put, your dog would have to come into contaminated feces from another dog.

The intestinal dog parvo symptoms occur when the virus attacks the bone marrow, rapidly dividing cells in the intestinal crypts and the lymph nodes. This allows normally occurring bacteria from the intestines to enter the blood stream to make the animal septic.

The virus can be shed in the stool for up to three weeks thus making this a very contagious disease for pets that have not been inoculated.

The cardio form of this infection is often seen in puppies that are infected from the womb or shortly after birth. It is well worth noting that the cardiac form of CPV is not as common since the mother passes immunity on to her puppies from birth. The parvo virus then attacks the heart in the infected pup and death results shortly thereafter.

Dog parvo symptoms usually present themselves within 3 to 10 days of contact. They include the following: lethargy, vomiting, fever and diarrhea. The diarrhea can cause severe dehydration and secondary infections. The dog will not usually die from the virus but from a secondary infection.

The survival rate depends upon how swiftly parvo virus is diagnosed and treatment is begun. If the virus is not caught early on, the usual treatment is given through an IV line in which fluids are pushed to re-hydrate the puppy or dog more quickly.

In addition to giving fluids, anti-nausea and antibiotic shots may be given intramuscularly as an effective parvo treatment. Given the proper care, the prognosis is good, but if care is withheld your dog will die prematurely. Most vets will strongly suggest that your pet be vaccinated against parvo about eight weeks after a puppy is weaned.

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Canine Parvovirus Vaccine

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Dog Vaccination

With an increase in the knowledge about the dog health and immune system, veterinarians and researchers have conferred vaccines for puppies and yearly boosters for adult dogs. Vaccines stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies to the disease so that the dog is protected against various organisms in the environment. If the immunized dog is later exposed to the infectious agent, the antibodies react quickly to attack and destroy the disease.

State Vaccination Requirements
Every state in the United States has its own laws governing requirements for pet owners. When it comes to vaccination requirements, the states mandate only one vaccine: rabies. The frequency of the vaccine administration varies, with most states requiring one every three years (when the veterinarian is using a vaccine that lasts three years) or in accordance with the recommendations of the vaccine manufacturer. Washington D.C. and Vermont, however, require annual rabies boosters regardless of the manufacturer.

Vaccination Schedule
Pet owners should work with their veterinarians to design a vaccination schedule for each pet based on age, breed, lifestyle, travel habits, health status, reproductive status, and environment. The vet will most likely recommend a series of three sets of vaccinations, generally given at four-week intervals starting at eight weeks of age. If vaccines are given too early, protection from colostrum fights off the vaccine and the vaccine does no good. If given vaccinations too late, the puppy may contract a disease.

When not to vaccinate the dog?
As vaccinations put a lot of stress on your dog's immune system, do not vaccinate if
a The puppy or dog is too young
a The puppy or dog is sick
a The puppy or dog is malnourished or underweight
a The puppy or dog has a weakened immune system due to genetics, a previous disease, or drug therapy

Which vaccinations are important?
AAHA and AVMA suggest two vaccination programs for their clients: a core vaccine protocol for triennial vaccination against the high-risk, contagious, and potentially fatal diseases of rabies, parvovirus, adenovirus and distemper and a non-core schedule for protection against additional diseases that may be extant in particular regions of the country.
a Distemper is absolutely essential vaccine
a Adenovirus vaccination also protects against hepatitis
a Parvovirus is also very essential vaccine
a Rabies vaccination poses a lot of health risks on a dog but, it is mandatory by law
a May also be inoculated against Leptospirosis, Lyme disease, Bordetella, Heartworm disease, Coronavirus, etc. if local conditions warrant or if the pet will be traveling in an area where these diseases are known to be a problem

Dog vaccinations are not without controversy and vaccine protocols are changing, so the best thing is to always understand what your vet recommends and why. Remember, routinely vaccinating your pet is often cheaper than paying for treating your sick dog later, and reduces virus transmission in the dog population.

About the author: As a doggie lover, it's my pleasure to share this article with all of you. Visit OurDogStore.com for helpful dog articles and tips and many dog supplies like dog beds, dog food, etc.

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Parvo Human Virus

Virusworld : Human parvovirus B19

Parvo in dogs is still an extremely serious and potentially fatal threat

Parvo in dogs is still an extremely serious and potentially fatal threat to your canine friend, especially if you live in a large metropolitan area like New York City, where hundreds of thousands of all sizes and breeds of dogs live, or in a rural area where vaccination is not readily available.

This is still today, a very serious form of virus, and it also one of the perplexing viruses to the science world.

If you live in a large metropolitan area, you may actually be infecting your dog and you are not aware of it.

This disease is not an airborne disease, but can actually be brought into you home by your shoes, your hands if not fully sanitized, and even by the tires on your car.

Even if your dog or puppy does not leave your yard, they may contract this disease.

This disease, when it first was diagnosed in 1978, was perhaps the number one killer of dog's world wide, it was that serious.

Cats cannot catch this disease from dogs, but they have a very similar disease called Feline Panleulopenia disease, or feline distemper, and some medical circles speculate that this disease is a mutated form of this feline disease.

Treatment of this disease will involve electrolyte solutions that will include the B-complex of vitamins, dextrose, and potassium chloride.

So it is only common sense, that even though there is a very effective vaccine that is now available, you also must protect your dog through vitamin supplements as well in building their immune system early to protect against this virus.

Vitamin C emulates the immune system itself, as it reaches into every cell of your dog's body.

Your pet's immune system will benefit tremendously with Vitamin C supplements as this nutrient plays a major function of your dogs immune system.

With this disease your pet will certainly get diarrhea with varying degrees of severity.

The body, ours and our dogs, can and will lose several of the B-class Vitamins that are mandatory to the immune system to function properly, by elimination through feces, and thus is extremely important that it is built up prior to pronounced forms of diarrhea.

This water-soluble class of vitamins must be reintroduced with supplements as part of the treatment stage, after the fact, via intravenously feeding.

About the author: I am an avid lover of pets and my wife and I have had several pets throughout our years. We are especially fond of dogs, and we have a 12 year old Dalmatian (our 3rd) and a "mutt" that we rescued when someone threw him away to die in a vacant field. He found us, nearly starved to death, and weighed about 2 pounds. After severe bouts of mange and severe dehydration, and over 1,000.00 in veterinarian bills, we saved the little guys life, and he is one of the best, if not the best, dogs we have ever had and today is a muscular, fit, and firm 70 pound best friend. After finishing my MBA, which at middle age was not easy, I decided to keep the research work ethics that I acquired, and devote about two hours each night in understanding the health benefits of supplementation for both humans and pets and how they might strengthen our, as well as our pets, immune system in a pre-emptive approach to health rather than a reactionary approach. Both of my daughters are avid cat lovers, and asked me to help them with health concerns and challenges with their cats. I am not a veterinarian nor claim to be, just a lover of pets that loves to research and pass on some knowledge that might be helpful, or at least stimulating to the thought process

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How to Deal with Dog Parvo

Dog parvovirus is a deadly disease that can kill within 48 hours, and is most dangerous to puppies as they do not have their natural immuniti 00004000 es built up. It's heartbreaking to watch your brand new puppy die before your eyes with nothing you can do about it. Arm yourself with the right information.

Symptoms of Dog Parvo

If your dog exhibits any of these symptoms, you need to take them to a vet immediately. There are some home treatments that claim to work. However, do you really want to risk it? The vet will charge you a lot to save your puppy, and it's not even guaranteed to work, and the home treatments are cheap in comparison. It all depends on how attached your are.

- Lethargy - Your dog will not be playful and refuse to eat. This is due to the weakening of the intestines allows bacteria
to flow into the bloodstream and makes them weak.
- Vomiting - Parvo attacks the intestines and messes up their digestive system.
- Bloody Diarrhea - This is mainly how parvo exits the body and spreads.

Death by parvo is caused primarily by extreme dehydration and malnutrition. The rarer cardiac form causes a complete failure of the heart muscle, and works faster. There's not much even a vet can do for the cardiac form of the illness.

What the Vet Can Do

Parvo is deadly even in the best of circumstances. Since the main danger is dehydration, the vet will put your dog on some kind of intravaneous liquid nutrition. After that, it's just a waiting game while the dog's natural immunity fights the attack.

If in the unfortunate case you do lose your puppy and desire to get a new one, you must sanitize your house to kill any lingering virus. Parvo is very resilient and can survive for 6 months outside a body even in the harshest climates. The only sure way to kill it is with a strong water and bleach solution. Be sure to drench any areas that your previous dog could have touched. Losing one puppy is hard enough. Don't risk going through it again.

Prevention

The best thing, of course, is prevention. A dog is most vulnerable after its mother's natural anti-bodies have left its system, and before it has built up its own through vaccinations. Be sure and talk with your vet if you have any concerns or questions.

About the author: To learn more about dog parvo, visit Dog Parvo Symptoms. Everything you need to know about the disease is there in one place. Along with some cute puppy pictures! Funny stores about crazy dogs can be found at Crazy Dog Stuff.

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